How Many Apostles Are Named In Scripture?

Jesus and the original twelve apostles are well known.  However, at least nine additional apostles are also named in scripture.

The following is a list of the twenty-two apostles which are specifically and clearly named in scripture.

First and foremost is Jesus ... the author and finisher of our faith.
1.  Jesus Christ of Nazareth, the only begotten Son of the Living God is named "Apostle and High Priest of our confession" according to Hebrews 3:1.  Of course, Jesus is first and foremost.  Jesus Christ is the name above every other name.  In no way does His mention in this list minimize the fact that every knee shall bow and every tongue shall confess that Jesus Christ is Lord!
Secondly, are the original twelve apostles chosen by Jesus according to Mark 3:14-19.  Jesus plus the original twelve brings the total number of named apostles up to thirteen.

          2.    Simon (Peter)
          3.    James the son of Zebedee
          4.    John, Brother of James
          5.    Andrew
          6.    Philip
          7.    Bartholomew (Also known as Nathanael)
          8.    Matthew
          9.    Thomas
          10.  James, son of Alphaeus
          11.  Thaddaeus
          12.  Simon the Zealot
          13.  Judas Iscariot

Thirdly, is the replacement for Judas Iscariot, which brings the total named apostle count up to fourteen.

          14.  Matthias (Acts 1:25,26)

Additionally, are the following named apostles which brings the total to twenty.

          15.  Paul (Galatians 1:1, Romans 1:1, 1 Corinthians 1:1, 1 Timothy 2:7, 1 Corinthians 9:1-2)
          16.  Apollos (see 1 Corinthians 4:6-13)
          17.  James, the Lord’s brother (see Galatians 1:19)
          18.  Barnabas (see Acts 14:4,14; 1 Corinthians 9:5,6)
          19.  Timothy (see 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6)
          20.  Silas, a.k.a. Silvanus (see 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6)

Finally, the following two apostles are identified as "messengers" in most English Bible translations.  However, the Greek word for messenger in these instances is actually "apostolos" which is normally translated as "apostle."  These two complete the count of specifically and clearly named apostles at twenty two.

          21.  Epaphroditus (see Philippians 2:25; “messenger” is apostolos in the Greek)
          22.  Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:23; “messenger” is apostolos in the Greek)

So, how many apostles are specifically and clearly named in scripture?  
Answer:  Twenty Two.

But wait, there's more ...  It is possible for four more individuals to be added to the list.

          *23.  Andronicus (see Romans 16:7)
          *24.  Junia (see Romans 16:7)
          *25.  An unnamed brother with Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:18,23)
          *26.  Another unnamed brother with Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:22,23)

However, these are not included in the count above for the following reasons.

*  Andronicus and Junia aren't clearly named as apostles.  The wording of the scripture doesn't confirm them as apostles as they could have simply been known by the apostles (see Romans 16:7).

*  The names of the brothers with Titus are unknown (see 2 Corinthians 8:18,23).

Also not included in the count above, also because their names are unknown, are the seventy that Jesus sent out "two by two" in Luke 10:1.

If these seventy were added to the possible number of twenty-six shown above ... the total possible number of apostles identified in scripture would equal ninety-six.

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Much of the above listing is gleaned from the following Bible study by Rick Renner that identifies at least eighty-three apostles in scripture.  Here is a portion of the Rick Renner study.
Over the centuries, the question “Who is a true apostle?” has been something of a theological conundrum for many scholars. Some insist that only the original 12 were true apostles, whereas others argue that the apostolic ministry has continued since the death of Jesus’ original 12 apostles. But let me give you a concise way of looking at this subject. 
In Luke 6:13, Jesus called together His disciples and from among them, He chose 12 men whom He called apostles. They are listed by name in Matthew 10:2-4. In Luke 9:1-6, Jesus sent forth these 12 apostles to preach the Gospel, heal the sick, and cast out demons. But in the next chapter, Jesus appointed 70 more people and “…sent them (apostolos) two by two…” (Luke 10:1). 
When Judas died, Acts 1:25,26 tells us that Matthias was chosen to take his place among the original apostles. Paul was also an apostle, as he testifies of in multiple places throughout the New Testament. 
So the Greek word apostle is used to describe the original 12, another group of 70, plus Matthias and Paul — and then 11 others: 
  • Apollos (see 1 Corinthians 4:6-13)
  • Epaphroditus (see Philippians 2:25; “messenger” is apostolos in the Greek)
  • James, the Lord’s brother (see Galatians 1:19)
  • Barnabas (see Acts 14:4,14; 1 Corinthians 9:5,6)
  • Andronicus (see Romans 16:7)
  • Junia (see Romans 16:7)
  • Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:23; “messenger” is apostolos in the Greek)
  • An unnamed brother with Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:18,23)
  • Another unnamed brother with Titus (see 2 Corinthians 8:22,23)
  • Timothy (see 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6)
  • Silas (see 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6) 
If you were to take the entire list of those who were sent forth apostolically in the New Testament, there are at least 83 people in the New Testament who are called “apostles.” All of this makes it very clear that apostolic ministry has continued beyond the original 12 apostles. Just as prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers have continued for 2,000 years, the apostolic gift has also continued; it has simply been more or less unrecognized. 
You may wonder why this information is relevant to you personally and to the Church at large today. But consider it this way: If the Scriptures reveal that there was a multiplied increase in the apostolic ministry in the Early Church — from 12 to 83 — who were called apostles, how much more will Jesus Christ continue to give this gift to men for the purpose of building His Church?
In a similar fashion to the Renner Study shown above, author B. Mark Anderson provides a list of
named apostles in his book "Local Churches Global Apostles."  However, Mr. Anderson excludes the 70 and includes the fact that Jesus Christ is named in scripture as "Apostle and High Priest of our confession" according to Hebrews 3:1.

Granted, all of this may be confusing ... If we are only looking to agree upon a specific number of individual apostles.

However, the purpose of this study is to confirm a key truth according to the Word of God.  That key truth is the fact that apostles, prophets, teachers, miracles, healings, helps, governments, and diversities of tongues are all gifts of God according to 1 Corinthians 12:28-30 ... and that all of these gifts are still in operation and available today.

To say that some of these gifts ... for example "apostles" are no longer ... and at the same time to say that ... others ... for example "teachers" still remain ... is plain and simple error.

Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever ... Don't allow anyone to steal your faith in Jesus.

His word stands. Jesus is Lord!

Here is a similar video study by Karl Stein.  God bless you!



Links, notes, and further study...

What Is an Apostle?

The Historical Meaning of the Word ‘Apostle’

The Signs of a True Apostle

How Many Apostles Are Named in the New Testament?

Revelation 21:14 Commentary

Revelation 21:12 Commentary

Who Were The 12 Apostles?

What is a Christian?

Let's cut through the confusion.

First, notice that the question: "What is a Christian?" is quite different from the question: "What is a born again child of God?"

In this text, we are only attempting to answer the question ... "What is a Christian?"

According to the Bible, (Acts 11:19-26) it is recorded that the disciples of Jesus Christ were first called Christians in the community of Antioch.

Acts 11:26 NKJV says that: "it was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch."

The three key words here are "church, disciple, and Christian."

Here are those definitions from the Greek lookup on BibleHub:

church: an assembly, a (religious) congregation

disciple: a learner, pupil

Christian: follower of Christ.

The above definition of the word Christian in the context of Acts 11 should suffice as the answer.

However, in dealing with various individuals, it is good to remember that others do not necessarily understand or agree with the above definitions.

It is also good to realize that the understanding of the English word "Christian" has changed a bit over the years. In fact, the English language itself hasn't been around for a very long time. Grace is necessary to facilitate a productive conversation with so many variables.

So, here goes, with regard to the English definition...

The 1828 Webster's dictionary has a clearly understandable definition of the word "Christian." Depending on the source, the more modern definitions can be a bit confusing in my opinion. With that said, here's the definition from the 1828 Webster's dictionary...

--- BEGIN DEFINITION ---

Christian

CHRISTIAN, noun

1. A believer in the religion of Christ.

2. A professor of his belief in the religion of Christ.

3. A real disciple of Christ; one who believes in the truth of the christian religion, and studies to follow the example, and obey the precepts, of Christ; a believer in Christ who is characterized by real piety.

4. In a general sense, the word Christians includes all who are born in a christian country or of christian parents.

CHRISTIAN, adjective [See the Noun.]

1. Pertaining to Christ, taught by him, or received from him; as the christian religion; christian doctrines.

2. Professing the religion of Christ; as a christian friend.

3. Belonging to the religion of Christ; relating to Christ, or to his doctrines, precepts and example; as christian profession and practice.

4. Pertaining to the church; ecclesiastical; as courts christian

CHRISTIAN, verb transitive To baptize.

--- END DEFINITION ---

Conclusions:  According to the Bible, a Christian is a "follower of Christ."  According to the English language, a Christian can be many different things.  However, since the word of God has been around a lot longer than the English language, it is best to stick with the Bible definition.

A Christian is a "follower of Christ."

God bless you!

Leg Lengthening Fake or Real

Is leg lengthening fake or real?  What is the significance of this practice according to scripture?


Notice what the scripture says about the legs of the lame:  "THE LEGS OF THE LAME ARE NOT EQUAL ..." (Proverbs 26:7 KJV)

Remember that Jesus healed the lame ... and Jesus used the healing of the lame as one of His specific signs to declare who He was.

For example, consider the following exchange between Jesus Christ and John the Baptist.
"Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another? Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see: The blind receive their sight, and THE LAME WALK, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me."  (Matthew 11:2-6 KJV)
Not everyone in the body of Christ necessarily has the gift of healing or creative miracles (1 Corinthians 12:4-11) ... but some do ... and if some do ... then that is a demonstration of the truth of the reality of Jesus Christ for today ... just as in time past.
"If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but if I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me, and I in Him.”
~Jesus of Nazareth (John 10:37-39 NKJV)
Now, it hardly ever fails, when presenting this particular type of miracle ... there are doubters (as in most other situations of faith) ... some doubt (Matthew 28:17) ... this is understandable and reasonable.

The typical skeptic will say something like, "You know that's a parlor trick right?  And a bad one at that... Have you heard of a man called Derren Brown? I really hope that wasn't the best example..."

That was an actual comment from a skeptic after viewing the following video.  Please notice that in the following video, there is about a four-inch difference in the girl's legs that is miraculously corrected through prayer in the name of Jesus Christ.  HALLELUJAH!  Additionally, notice that the difference in this girls legs is even noticeable at the knee and she is wearing sandals.  Barring the use of CGI ... this video is clear documentation of a miracle.



The skeptic mentioned Derren Brown ... Below is Derren Brown's video exposing the charlatan way of mimicking this particular miracle.  However, please pay special note to the graphic above and to the video above when comparing the fake and the real.  Additionally notice, in the Derren Brown video, that before his demonstration of the fake ... there is a short video clip of the real ... and the difference is obvious if you know what you are looking for.



Also consider in the Derren Brown video that the person in the chair is acting as an accomplice to the deception.  If this person were in a real situation, they would feel and know that Derren Brown was manipulating their shoe and have opportunity to object.

Remember:  Demonstration of the fake does not disprove the real.

Below are additional testimonies of the real. 

Remember, Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever (Hebrews 13:8).



Notice that in the video above, the cuff of the young man's pants also moves ... quite different from the skeptic video.

The following testimony is from The Loft Church in Herrin Illinois...


The following video is from Pete Cabrera Jr., Published on Nov 8, 2010

Pete Cabrera Jr's comments about this video...
"This was the first time I had ever seen this before in all my life.. This was 3 years ago and man would I have done this different. Please don't let my lack of maturity in this video push you away. I was new in this back in 2010.. I am learning to walk this out in humility. Forgive my Arrogance in this video I am a work in progress. Please don't blow off what God is doing in this video because of what seems like a lack of maturity. I am no longer this guy praise be to Jesus."



In Conclusion...

Just as there were magicians and fakes in the time of Moses and Pharoah (ref. Exodus 7:22) ... There also existed the real at that time.  Reference:  Forty-two Miracles by Moses (Ex 7:10)

Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever (Hebrews 13:8).

Don't allow the presence and possibility of fakes in the world to steal your faith today.

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UPDATE ... Two more FAKE techniques are identified. 

Credit Brandon Kimber and Mike Winger with the explanations provided below.

Note:  These techniques are essentially magic tricks that can be used to deceive.  Be aware of these deceptive methods when evaluating the difference between REAL and FAKE miracle events.

The following link is an overview of the "Swing Method" and the "Heel/Toe Pivot."
https://vimeo.com/284381520/11943aa351

The Swing Method:
https://vimeo.com/267042780/432f2e8db6

The Pivoting Heel:
https://vimeo.com/267045375/707183511a

Todd White has been identified as using these deceptive techniques.  The following videos explain in detail.

Early Todd White Video:
https://vimeo.com/267045697/f21a54892d

American Gospel Example (Holy ghost film 2014):
https://vimeo.com/312828923/1e05dcc060

Another example of Todd pivoting the heel:
https://vimeo.com/317511456/ebef9d4365

Todd White: “I didn’t do that.”
https://vimeo.com/324356548/2ef15bfc3c

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Again:  Don't allow the presence and possibility of fakes in the world to steal your faith today.

By knowing the real (Jesus Christ) and by believers working together in Christ, we are able to experience the REAL and spot the fakes also ... and TRUTH prevails.  God bless you!

Additional related content:

Let Faith Arise - The Healing of Delia Knox

God Heals ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease)

JESUS RAISES THE DEAD - YESTERDAY, TODAY, AND FOREVER

THE FATHER, THE SON, THE HOLY SPIRIT, AND YOU

"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them IN THE NAME of the FATHER and of the SON and of the HOLY SPIRIT,"
~ Jesus of Nazareth (Matthew 28:19 NKJV)

THE FATHER (OUR FATHER IN HEAVEN - THE FATHER OF JESUS)

"In this manner, therefore, pray: OUR FATHER IN HEAVEN, Hallowed be Your name."
~ Jesus of Nazareth (Matthew 6:9 NKJV)

THE SON (JESUS OF NAZARETH - OUR SAVIOR)

"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved."
~ Jesus of Nazereth (John 3:16-17 NKJV)

THE PROMISE OF ANOTHER HELPER (THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH - THE HOLY SPIRIT - JESUS IN YOU)

"And I will pray the Father, and He will give you ANOTHER HELPER, that He may abide with you forever—THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you. I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you. “A little while longer and the world will see Me no more, but you will see Me.  Because I live, you will live also. At that day you will know that I AM IN MY FATHER, AND YOU IN ME, AND I IN YOU.
~ Jesus of Nazareth (John 14:16-20 NKJV)

FULFILLMENT OF THE PROMISE OF ANOTHER HELPER - THE SENDING AND RECEIVING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT - ALL WITH ONE ACCORD IN ONE PLACE - FILLED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT

"When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. AND THEY WERE ALL FILLED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."
(Acts 2:1-4 NKJV)

THE MYSTERY WHICH HAS BEEN HIDDEN - NOW HAS BEEN REVEALED - CHRIST IN YOU, THE HOPE OF GLORY

"the mystery which has been hidden from ages and from generations, but now has been revealed to His saints. To them God willed to make known what are the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles: which is Christ in you, the hope of glory."
(Colossians 1:26-27 NKJV)

IF INDEED THE SPIRIT OF GOD, THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST DWELLS IN YOU...

"But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you." (Romans 8:9-11 NKJV)

THE SPIRIT OF HIM WHO RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD - JESUS - THE NAME WHICH IS ABOVE EVERY NAME

"Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and  coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:5-11 NKJV)

BY THE NAME OF JESUS CHRIST OF NAZARETH - WE MUST BE SAVED

"let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole. This is the ‘stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become the chief cornerstone.’ Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”
(Acts 4:10-12 NKJV)

AS MANY AS RECEIVED HIM ... TO THEM HE GAVE ... THE RIGHT TO BECOME ...

But as many as received Him [Jesus], to them He gave the right to become CHILDREN OF GOD, to those who believe in His name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God."
(John 1:12-13 NKJV)

CHILDREN OF GOD - HOPE IN THEIR FATHER, PURIFY THEMSELVES, PRACTICE RIGHTEOUSNESS, AND LOVE ONE ANOTHER ... FOR HIS SEED REMAINS IN HIM

"Behold what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called CHILDREN OF GOD! Therefore the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. Beloved, now we are CHILDREN OF GOD; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is. AND EVERYONE WHO HAS THIS HOPE IN HIM PURIFIES HIMSELF, just as He is pure. Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him nor known Him. Little children, let no one deceive you. He who practices righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous. He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil. Whoever has been born of God does not sin, FOR HIS SEED REMAINS IN HIM; and he cannot sin, because he has been born of God. In this the CHILDREN OF GOD and the children of the devil are manifest: Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is he who does not love his brother. For this is the message that you heard from the beginning, that we should LOVE ONE ANOTHER, not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his brother’s righteous.
(1 John 3:1-12 NKJV)

THE PRAYER OF JESUS FOR YOU

Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father,  the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him. And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. I have glorified You on the earth.  I have finished the work  which You have given Me to do. And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

“I have  manifested Your name to the men  whom You have given Me out of the world.  They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You. For I have given to them the words  which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that  You sent Me.

“I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours. And all Mine are Yours, and  Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them. Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father,  keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are. While I was with them in the world,  I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them Your word;  and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one. They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. Sanctify them by Your truth.  Your word is truth. As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

"I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. And the glory which You gave Me I have given them,  that they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me;  that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

“Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.O righteous Father!  The world has not known You, but I have known You; and  these have known that You sent Me. And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”
(John 17:1-26 NKJV)

THE FATHER, THE SON, THE HOLY SPIRIT, AND YOU